Tutorial on Machine-to-Machine Communications and Internet of Things as enablers of Smart City

The first part of the tutorial will be dedicated to IoT and M2M communications and will cover the following. The fundamental operations in IoT based systems are (i) M2M data collection from sensors and RFID tags, (ii) data processing to generate new information and (iii) ability to control using actuators. But achieving that is not quite simple due to several reasons: (i) heterogeneity of the physical things, (ii) management of these connected things, (iii) high mobility, (iv) discovery of IoT services and things, (v) M2M data processing, (vi) lack of standardization efforts and (vii) security. The tutorial will then highlight:
  1. Uniform data exchange with physical things using Sensor Markup Language. It is primarily used to exchange metadata for sensors but we have extended its capabilities so that same implementation can be used for other things also (e.g. actuators, RFID tags).
  2. CoRE Link based configuration for the connected things will ensure flexibility and dynamicity of any IoT based systems. This is necessary to describe the things in a standardized manner so that they can be dynamically operated from any IoT network.
  3. Open Mobile Alliance based Device Management layer to manage the connected things. Such management is highly important as the number of connected things is growing at an exponential rate.
  4. Using proxies or intermediate gateways to connect non-intelligent or legacy things to IoT systems.
  5. M2M data processing using semantic web technologies promises the development of novel cross domain applications. For example, an application can be developed for automated driving by combining ontologies, data sets and domain knowledge of weather, transport, health domains.
  6. IoT systems must ensure adequate security and privacy. Mechanisms to secure the IoT systems and wearable things will be discussed.
  7. The standardization efforts in oneM2M, ETSI and IEEE will also be presented.
The second part of the tutorial will touch upon the concept of smart city and various problems faced in a smart city (e.g. finding a parking, waste collection, traffic congestion). Then the tutorial will highlight the applications of M2M communications and IoT to solve these problems thereby acting as enablers of the smart city. Finally the tutorial concludes with summarizing the entire presentation and references to current literature.

Soumya Kanti Datta, M.Sc.
Soumya Kanti Datta, M.Sc.

Soumya Kanti Datta, M.Sc.

Soumya Kanti Datta is a research engineer in EURECOM, France and is working on French research projects “Smart 4G Tablet”, “WL-Box 4G” and “DataTweet”. His research focuses on innovation, standardization, generation of new ideas and development of next-generation technologies in Mobile Computing, Computer Security, Internet of Things and Machine-to-Machine Communication. He is an active member of IEEE Communication Society and IEEE Consumer Electronics Society. He has published more than 25 research papers in top IEEE Conferences and Journals. Soumya is serving as Co-Track Chair of ICCE 2015, the flagship conference of IEEE CE Society and has organized and co-chaired a special session on IoT at IEEE GCCE 2014 in Japan. He is also serving as TPC member and designated reviewer for several IEEE conferences and had been a Session Chair in IWCMC 2013. He is a frequent participant of ETSI events and regularly gives presentations on IoT at various events including ETSI.
Prior to joining EURECOM, Soumya has worked as interns in Mindspeed Technologies, France and University of Ulster, UK. Currently he is mentoring several Indian students as a part of Lab-X Foundation Mentorship Program initiative which is aimed at providing hands-on experience in cutting edge technologies. Soumya holds a M.Sc. in Communication & Computer Security from Telecom ParisTech (EURECOM), France and a B.Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering from West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata, INDIA.